Constitutions of Yugoslavia and Romania

The following “comparative research” of seven socialist constitutions and two post-socialist ones is presented in the format of textual commentaries and drawings. It deals with the constitutions of the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia (since 1963 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) and People’s Republic of Romania (since 1965 Socialist People’s Republic of Romania) as well as with the 1991 constitutions of post-socialist Romania and newly emerged states of former Yugoslavia.
The researched constitutions are: 1946, 1953, 1963, 1974, 1991 (Yugoslavia) and 1948, 1952, 1965, 1991 (Romania). The early constitutions of Yugoslavia and Romania are quite similar in content (both 1940s constitutions being an almost exact copy of 1936 Soviet constitution), focusing on the first stage of transition from capitalism to socialism. The 1950s constitutions share some similarities in regard to the working class and the communist party’ role. However, Yugoslavia in 1948 broke up the relations with the Soviet Union and as a consequence it began the process of socialisation of property (early self-management) and the transfer of state property into social ownership. Romania’s 1952 constitution on the other hand proclaimed friendship and alliance with the great Soviet Union. The 1960s constitutions are already very different….

01_Introduction.pdf

02_Ro48_Yu46.pdf

03_Ro52_Yu53.pdf

04_Ro65_Yu63.pdf

05_90s.pdf

06_2000s and graphs.pdf

 

 

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Yugoslav Documents Exhibition(s)/Jugoslavenska dokumenta

The Yugoslav Documents exhibition held in 1989 in Sarajevo was one of the last large-scale
“Yugoslav exhibitions” before the dissolution of the country. To understand the socio-political
context of that decade better, and to answer the question how and why such an exhibition was
possible in 1989, we should explain with a handful of events and contextual factors of the late
1980s, including the political climate, the cultural politics of the time, and give a brief overview of
postmodernism as the leading artistic style of the day in Yugoslavia.

Written for the The Heritage of 1989. Case Study: The Second Yugoslav Documents Exhibition, Moderna galerija, Ljubljana

Yugoslav Documents.pdf

Madness

By the end of the Middle Ages, madness had replaced leprosy as the illness that existed on the margins of society. Sebastian Brandt’s book Stultifera Navis (Ship of Fools), from 1494, is a symbol of this process. The Ship of Fools wandered the rivers of Europe, and madmen travelled on it to some other world(s). Madness was fascinating because it was a different kind of (forbidden) knowledge related to the end of the world, and Foucault described the ship as a heterotopia: an inventive space, a reservoir of imagination. In the 18th century, when ideas based on reason became the primary source of legitimacy, madness was locked away from the rest of the world. In the so-called “great confinement” process of enlightened absolutism society created a space in which criminals, the poor and the mad were locked up and excluded, kept in a kind of total institution. In the 19th century these houses of confinement were replaced by lunatics’ asylums.

stultifera-navis_ed

First presented at the Glossary of Common Knowledge seminar in Moderna galerija, Ljubljana.

Solidarity in Arts and Culture. Some cases from the Non-Aligned Movement

Words like solidarity, fraternity, equality, peace, and fight against imperialism, colonialism, and apartheid resonated at the NAM summits, at UNESCO seminars on culture, at political rallies around the world, in museums… It also seemed as though art and politics were united in their quest to create utopian models adapted to social and political changes. It is no coincidence that experimental museology and concepts such as the integrated museum, the social museum, the living museum, and the museum of the workers were widely discussed in the so-called Global South.

solidarity-in-arts-and-culture

The text was first published at the L’Internationale on-line: http://www.internationaleonline.org/

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Education in the Museum – A Space of Political Emancipation?

This text is based on the concepts, working methodologies, and deliberations of institutions conducted by the initiative Radical Education (RE) between 2006 to 2014. RE was initiated as a project within a public art institution – the Museum of Modern Art in Ljubljana – in order for it, through analysis of its own work, to direct itself towards a different level of relationship with this institution and others like it.

Education in the Museum.pdf

First presented as lecture held at the Nova Gallery in Zagreb, currently run by What, How and For Whom? (WHW), in December 2014. It appeared in Serbo-Croatian in April 2015 at http://dematerijalizacijaumetnosti.com and first time in English in the ArtLeaks Gazette no. 3.